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An Introduction

Complete Automation Laboratory (CAL)

Complete automation is the solution to unlimited complexity. The complexity of software is unlimited and could become one of the greatest threats, as well as benefits, to our society. Already the maintenance cost of partially automated software occupies the bulk of the software budget. Complete Automation Laboratory (CAL) has discovered a completely automated software system, which is explained in the patent "Completely Automated And Self-generated Software System" (Pat. No. 5,485,601) . The problem of price determination is highly complex because it involves infinite time and infinite space. CAL has developed a completely automated valuation system, which is accessible on the web ( The completely automated valuation software, commercially known as the Infinite Spreadsheet, is based on the patent "Quantitative Supply And Demand Model Based On Infinite Spreadsheet" (Pat. No. 6,078,901) .

One of the most important byproduct of the completely automated software is Universal Permanent Numbers, which are distinct universal permanent integer identification numbers from minus infinity to plus infinity. Permanent Numbers is instrumental in the globalization of completely automate customer service systems. When they are used in Internet search engines, the Permanent Numbers can greatly reduce the cost of information management and optimally enhance the speed of information retrieval.

The extremely complex field of computer graphics can be simplified by the study of invariance. At CAL the homotopy graph theory with a high degree of invariance should be able to replace the current prevailing triangulation method, whose resource requirement at high resolution has reached an prohibitive stage. Using the same concept of invariance, the linear integration of financial, manufacturing, and customer service systems has been introduced to replace the current combinatorial integration.

CAL has also introduced the concept of jumpulse, which is a sudden change of force, as Newton's impulse is a sudden change of momentum. Jumpulse is responsible for ball control, which is the ability of a player to keep a ball in contact with a racket for a prolonged period of time. Ball control is the secret of consistency in sports. Jumpulse will eliminate bounces of cars and improve spacecraft docking. Most importantly, jumpulse is the solution to touch, which will be needed in constructing completely automated Self-manufactured General Purpose Robots destined to replace all human physical labors. The Self-manufactured General Purpose Robots with the ability to touch will be the first true example of complete automation, itself. The ultimate form of complete automation is the living system, which already exists.